Agriculture - REMIND

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Model Documentation - REMIND
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution Potsdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK)
Concept Hybrid

Hybrid model that couples an economic growth model with a detailed energy system model and a simple climate model.

Solution method Inter-temporal optimization that maximizes cumulated discounted global welfare: Ramsey-type growth model with Negishi approach to regional welfare aggregation.
Anticipation Perfect Foresight

REMIND derives non-CO2 emissions in the absence of climate policies from various agricultural activities for given assumptions on socio-economic pathways from corresponding MAgPIE scenarios. An important nexus between the energy system and agriculture is bioenergy demand. In standalone mode, REMIND uses bioenergy supply costs derived from MAgPIE, see section “Bioenergy”. To account for the sensitivity of resource potentials to carbon pricing, REMIND uses different supply curve parameterizations in baseline and climate policy scenarios. Bioenergy-induced emissions of N2O (fertilizer use) and CO2 (land-use change) are accounted for using specific per-unit emission coefficients.

In standalone mode, REMIND derives the economic mitigation potential of agricultural CH4 and N2O emissions is calculated using marginal abatement cost curves (MACCs) from Lucas [1]. For land-use related CO2, similar MACCs derived from MAgPIE are employed.

As described in Figure 1, if run in coupled mode REMIND adopts consistent GHG emission projections and bioenergy supply curves from MAgPIE.
























  1. Lucas PL, van Vuuren DP, Olivier JGJ, den Elzen MGJ (2007) Long-term reduction potential of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. Environmental Science & Policy 10:85–103. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2006.10.007