Bioenergy land-use - IMAGE

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Model Documentation - IMAGE
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Utrecht University (UU)
Concept The IMAGE framework can best be described as a geographically explicit assessment, integrated assessment simulation model, focusing a detailed representation of relevant processes with respect to human use of energy, land and water in relation to relevant environmental processes.
Solution method Recursive dynamic solution method
Anticipation Simulation modelling framework, without foresight. However, a simplified version of the energy/climate part of the model (called FAIR) can be run prior to running the framework to obtain data for climate policy simulations.

MAGNET includes ethanol and biodiesel as first-generation biofuels made from wheat, sugar cane, maize, and oilseeds 1 and the use of by-products (DDGS, oilcakes) from biofuel production in the livestock sector.

For more information, see the Energy resource endowments - IMAGE.


  1. ^  Martin Banse, Hans Van Meijl, Andrzej Tabeau, Geert Woltjer (2008). Will EU biofuel policies affect global agricultural markets?. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 35 (2), 117-141.