Energy end-use - IMAGE

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Model Documentation - IMAGE

Corresponding documentation
Model information
Model link https://models.pbl.nl/image
Institution Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands, https://www.uu.nl/en., PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Netherlands, https://www.pbl.nl/en.
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method Simulation
Anticipation Simulation modelling framework, without foresight. However, a simplified version of the energy/climate part of the model (called FAIR) can be run prior to running the framework to obtain data for climate policy simulations.

IMAGE contains a detailed description of the energy service consumption in the transport, residential, cement and steel sector. In these sectors the physical activity (e.g passenger km, tonne km, tonne cement, tonne steel and residential floor space) are projected which drive the sectors demand for energy. Modelling energy services gives the opportunity to better assess scenarios of structural change (e.g. in the transport sector modal shift), technology efficiency and saturation effects. More details on the transport, industry and residential modelling can be found on the Transport, Industrial sector and Residential and Commercial sectors pages.

References

  1. ^  | |  Bastien Girod, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Sebastiaan Deetman (2012). Global travel within the 2°C climate target. Energy Policy, 45 (), 152-166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.02.008
  2. a b  | |  Bas J. van Ruijven, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Bert J.M. de Vries, Morna Isaac, Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Paul L. Lucas, P. Balachandra (2011). Model projections for household energy use in India. Energy Policy, 39 (), 7747-7761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.09.021
  3. ^  | |  Vassilis Daioglou, Bas J. van Ruijven, Detlef P. van Vuuren (2012). Model projections for household energy use in developing countries. Energy, 37 (), 601-615. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.10.044
  4. ^  | |  Bas J. van Ruijven, Jules Schers, Detlef P. van Vuuren (2012). Model-based scenarios for rural electrification in developing countries. Energy, 38 (), 386-397. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.11.037
  5. ^ IMG_vanRuijven_2013 
  6. ^  | |  Hendriks, C., Harmelink, M., Hofmans, Y. and de Jager, D (2002). Climate neutral energy carriers in the regulatory energy tax. Utrecht, Netherlands: Ecofys.
  7. ^  | |  Hendriks C, Harmelink M, Burges K and Ransel K (2004). Power and heat productions: plant developments and grid losses. Utrecht, Netherlands: Ecofys.
  8. a b c  | |  Hendriks, C., Graus, W. and van Bergen, F. (2004). Global carbon dioxide storage potential and costs. Utrecht, Netherlands: Ecofys.