Heat - REMIND
|Model link||https://www.pik-potsdam.de/research/sustainable-solutions/models/remind; https://rse.pik-potsdam.de/doc/remind/2.1.3; https://github.com/remindmodel/remind/releases/tag/v2.1.3; https://github.com/magpiemodel/magpie/releases/tag/v4.2.1; https://rse.pik-potsdam.de/doc/magpie/4.2.1/|
|Institution||Potsdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Germany, https://www.pik-potsdam.de.|
|Solution concept||General equilibrium (closed economy)MAgPIE: partial equilibrium model of the agricultural sector;|
|Solution method||OptimizationMAgPIE: cost minimization;|
REMIND also features a broad range of technologies for the supply of non-electric secondary energy carriers, such solids, liquids, gases, heat and hydrogen, as listed in Table 1. Note that biomass is the main non-fossil feedstock for the supply of non-electric energy.
Table 1. Conversion Technologies for non-electric energy carriers (Note: * indicates that technologies can be combined with CCS)