Spatial dimension - REMIND

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Model Documentation - REMIND
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution Potsdam Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Germany, https://www.pik-potsdam.de/research/sustainable-solutions/models/remind.
Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)MAgPIE: partial equilibrium model of the agricultural sector;
Solution method OptimizationMAgPIE: cost minimization;
Anticipation

REMIND is a multi-regional model of global coverage, that divides the world into 11 regions (see Figure 1 below). There are 5 individual countries (CHN – China; IND – India; JPN – Japan; USA – United States of America; and RUS – Russia) and 6 aggregated regions (AFR – Sub-Saharan Africa excluding Republic of South Africa; EUR – Members of the European Union; LAM – Latin America; MEA – including countries from the Middle East, North Africa, and central Asia; OAS – other Asian countries mainly located in South East Asia; and ROW – the rest of the world including among others Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Turkey, and the Republic of South Africa).

REMIND explicitly represents trade in the composite good (aggregated output of the macro-economic system), primary energy carriers (coal, gas, oil, biomass, uranium), and in the case of climate policy, emissions allowances (cf. Section Trade).

Global learning curves represent endogenous technological change through learning-by-doing for wind and solar power, as well as electric and fuel cell vehicle technologies. The spillovers among regions caused by this global learning are not internalized in the non-cooperative market solution, whereas in the socially optimal cooperative solution they are.

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Figure 1. Regional definitions used in the REMIND model.

REMIND Region Code Country Code Country Name
LAM ABW Aruba
OAS AFG Afghanistan
AFR AGO Angola
LAM AIA Anguilla
EUR ALA Aland Islands
ROW ALB Albania
ROW AND Andorra
MEA ARE United Arab Emirates
LAM ARG Argentina
MEA ARM Armenia
OAS ASM American Samoa
ROW ATA Antarctica
OAS ATF French Southern Territories
LAM ATG Antigua and Barbuda
ROW AUS Australia
EUR AUT Austria
MEA AZE Azerbaijan
AFR BDI Burundi
EUR BEL Belgium
AFR BEN Benin
LAM BES Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
AFR BFA Burkina Faso
OAS BGD Bangladesh
EUR BGR Bulgaria
MEA BHR Bahrain
LAM BHS Bahamas
ROW BIH Bosnia and Herzegovina
LAM BLM Saint Barthelemy
ROW BLR Belarus
LAM BLZ Belize
LAM BMU Bermuda
LAM BOL Bolivia, Plurinational State of
LAM BRA Brazil
LAM BRB Barbados
OAS BRN Brunei Darussalam
OAS BTN Bhutan
ROW BVT Bouvet Island
AFR BWA Botswana
AFR CAF Central African Republic
ROW CAN Canada
OAS CCK Cocos (Keeling) Islands
ROW CHE Switzerland
LAM CHL Chile
CHN CHN China
AFR CIV Cote d Ivoire
AFR CMR Cameroon
AFR COD Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
AFR COG Congo
OAS COK Cook Islands
LAM COL Colombia
AFR COM Comoros
AFR CPV Cape Verde
LAM CRI Costa Rica
LAM CUB Cuba
LAM CUW Curacao
OAS CXR Christmas Island
LAM CYM Cayman Islands
EUR CYP Cyprus
EUR CZE Czech Republic
EUR DEU Germany
AFR DJI Djibouti
LAM DMA Dominica
EUR DNK Denmark
LAM DOM Dominican Republic
MEA DZA Algeria
LAM ECU Ecuador
MEA EGY Egypt
AFR ERI Eritrea
MEA ESH Western Sahara
EUR ESP Spain
EUR EST Estonia
AFR ETH Ethiopia
EUR FIN Finland
OAS FJI Fiji
LAM FLK Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
EUR FRA France
EUR FRO Faroe Islands
OAS FSM Micronesia, Federated States of
AFR GAB Gabon
EUR GBR United Kingdom
MEA GEO Georgia
ROW GGY Guernsey
AFR GHA Ghana
EUR GIB Gibraltar
AFR GIN Guinea
LAM GLP Guadeloupe
AFR GMB Gambia
AFR GNB Guinea-Bissau
AFR GNQ Equatorial Guinea
EUR GRC Greece
LAM GRD Grenada
EUR GRL Greenland
LAM GTM Guatemala
LAM GUF French Guiana
OAS GUM Guam
LAM GUY Guyana
CHN HKG Hong Kong
ROW HMD Heard Island and McDonald Islands
LAM HND Honduras
ROW HRV Croatia
LAM HTI Haiti
EUR HUN Hungary
OAS IDN Indonesia
EUR IMN Isle of Man
IND IND India
OAS IOT British Indian Ocean Territory
EUR IRL Ireland
MEA IRN Iran, Islamic Republic of
MEA IRQ Iraq
ROW ISL Iceland
MEA ISR Israel
EUR ITA Italy
LAM JAM Jamaica
EUR JEY Jersey
MEA JOR Jordan
JPN JPN Japan
MEA KAZ Kazakhstan
AFR KEN Kenya
MEA KGZ Kyrgyzstan
OAS KHM Cambodia
OAS KIR Kiribati
LAM KNA Saint Kitts and Nevis
OAS KOR Korea, Republic of
MEA KWT Kuwait
OAS LAO Lao People's Democratic Republic
MEA LBN Lebanon
AFR LBR Liberia
MEA LBY Libya
LAM LCA Saint Lucia
ROW LIE Liechtenstein
OAS LKA Sri Lanka
AFR LSO Lesotho
EUR LTU Lithuania
EUR LUX Luxembourg
EUR LVA Latvia
CHN MAC Macao
ROW MAF Saint Martin (French part)
MEA MAR Morocco
ROW MCO Monaco
ROW MDA Moldova, Republic of
AFR MDG Madagascar
OAS MDV Maldives
LAM MEX Mexico
OAS MHL Marshall Islands
ROW MKD Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
AFR MLI Mali
EUR MLT Malta
OAS MMR Myanmar
ROW MNE Montenegro
OAS MNG Mongolia
OAS MNP Northern Mariana Islands
AFR MOZ Mozambique
AFR MRT Mauritania
LAM MSR Montserrat
LAM MTQ Martinique
AFR MUS Mauritius
AFR MWI Malawi
OAS MYS Malaysia
AFR MYT Mayotte
AFR NAM Namibia
OAS NCL New Caledonia
AFR NER Niger
OAS NFK Norfolk Island
AFR NGA Nigeria
LAM NIC Nicaragua
OAS NIU Niue
EUR NLD Netherlands
ROW NOR Norway
OAS NPL Nepal
ROW NRU Nauru
ROW NZL New Zealand
MEA OMN Oman
OAS PAK Pakistan
LAM PAN Panama
OAS PCN Pitcairn
LAM PER Peru
OAS PHL Philippines
OAS PLW Palau
OAS PNG Papua New Guinea
EUR POL Poland
USA PRI Puerto Rico
OAS PRK Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
EUR PRT Portugal
LAM PRY Paraguay
MEA PSE Palestine, State of
OAS PYF French Polynesia
MEA QAT Qatar
AFR REU Reunion
EUR ROU Romania
RUS RUS Russian Federation
AFR RWA Rwanda
MEA SAU Saudi Arabia
AFR SDN Sudan
AFR SEN Senegal
OAS SGP Singapore
ROW SGS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
AFR SHN Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
ROW SJM Svalbard and Jan Mayen
OAS SLB Solomon Islands
AFR SLE Sierra Leone
LAM SLV El Salvador
ROW SMR San Marino
AFR SOM Somalia
ROW SPM Saint Pierre and Miquelon
ROW SRB Serbia
AFR SSD South Sudan
AFR STP Sao Tome and Principe
LAM SUR Suriname
EUR SVK Slovakia
EUR SVN Slovenia
EUR SWE Sweden
AFR SWZ Swaziland
LAM SXM Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
AFR SYC Seychelles
MEA SYR Syrian Arab Republic
LAM TCA Turks and Caicos Islands
AFR TCD Chad
AFR TGO Togo
OAS THA Thailand
MEA TJK Tajikistan
OAS TKL Tokelau
MEA TKM Turkmenistan
OAS TLS Timor-Leste
OAS TON Tonga
LAM TTO Trinidad and Tobago
MEA TUN Tunisia
ROW TUR Turkey
OAS TUV Tuvalu
OAS TWN Taiwan, Province of China
AFR TZA Tanzania, United Republic of
AFR UGA Uganda
ROW UKR Ukraine
OAS UMI United States Minor Outlying Islands
LAM URY Uruguay
USA USA United States
MEA UZB Uzbekistan
ROW VAT Holy See (Vatican City State)
LAM VCT Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
LAM VEN Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
LAM VGB Virgin Islands, British
LAM VIR Virgin Islands, U.S.
OAS VNM Viet Nam
OAS VUT Vanuatu
OAS WLF Wallis and Futuna
OAS WSM Samoa
MEA YEM Yemen
ROW ZAF South Africa
AFR ZMB Zambia
AFR ZWE Zimbabwe