Heat - IMAGE

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Model Documentation - IMAGE
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands, https://www.uu.nl/en., PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Netherlands, https://models.pbl.nl/image/index.php/Welcome_to_IMAGE_3.0_Documentation.
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method Simulation
Anticipation Simulation modelling framework, without foresight. However, a simplified version of the energy/climate part of the model (called FAIR) can be run prior to running the framework to obtain data for climate policy simulations.

Central heat demand is satisfied by a price-determined mix of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. An efficiency factor determines the final supply of primary energy. Heat can be produced by heat production units and combined heat and power units. Heat production units only produce heat. Combined heat and power units produce both heat and electricity, increasing the overall efficiency of the plant. The produced electricity is used to supply demand for electricity. Stocks and lifetimes of heat capacity are explicitly modeled.