Spatial dimension - TIAM-UCL
|Institution||University College London (UCL), UK, https://www.ucl.ac.uk.|
|Solution concept||Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)|
|Solution method||Linear optimisation|
(Stochastic and myopic runs are also possible)
TIAM-UCL is a global model with 16 regions listed in the table below, each of which has their own energy system.
The TIAM-UCL model development has two phases: the first is breaking out UK from the 15 region ETSAP-TIAM model, calibrating the base year data for final energy consumption and electricity generation and revising resource and trade modules for future years; the second is enhancing TIAM-UCL by revising/adding new drivers and resources for all regions and adding new features.
The major task (the first phase) was breaking out UK from the 15 region model and model calibration (calibrating UK and Western Europe regions). As a first step in breaking out the UK from Western Europe (WEU) region, separate Base-Year templates were created for end-use sectors, upstream and power sectors for the UK and calibrated final energy consumption to the actual base year data 2005 for the UK and the WEU regions. The underlying data for the base year calibration in TIAM-UCL is the IEA Extended Energy Balances of OECD and non-OECD countries. This data can be accessed through the online portal www.esds.ac.uk in the UK. A database of the IEA Extended Energy Balances has been developed to import the IEA data into the data tables on the base year templates in the TIAM-UCL with a software application which allows easy aggregation of country data into regions. Energy services demands for different end-use sectors and drivers of projections of them during the model period 2005-2100 are created for the UK region. Besides calibration of resource and trade modules of the UK and the WEU regions, all other scenario files are also updated and calibrated.
Once the 16R TIAM-UCL had been successfully calibrated, the model was enhanced (the second phase) through technical improvements such as adding new drivers, new resources, climate change policies (cap-and-trade, carbon tax), supply resource cost curves etc. Development of the database of the IEA Extended Energy Balances helped to recalibrate all 16 regions in the TIAM model to the IEA primary energy production/consumption, final consumption and electricity generation (and heat) data.
Table 1.1: Regions in TIAM-UCL
|Africa (AFR)||Algeria, Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Congo Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Other Africa, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zambia, Zimbabwe|
|Australia (AUS)||Australia and New Zealand|
|Central and South America (CSA)||Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Other Latin America, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela|
|Eastern Europe (EEU)||Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia|
|Former Soviet Union (FSU)||Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan|
|Middle-east (MEA)||Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen|
|Other Developing Asia (ODA)||Bangladesh, Brunei, Chinese Taipei, Indonesia, North Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Other Asia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam|
|South Korea (SKO)||South Korea|
|United Kingdom (UK)||United Kingdom|
|USA (USA)||United States of America|
|Western Europe (WEU)||Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland|