Air pollution and health - GEM-E3
|Model Documentation - GEM-E3|
|Institution||Institute of Communication And Computer Systems (ICCS)|
|Solution method||The model is formulated as a simultaneous system of equations with an equal number of variables. The system is solved for each year following a time-forward path. The model uses the GAMS software and is written as a mixed non-linear complementarity problem solved by using the PATH algorithm using the standard solver options.|
In the GEM-E3 model emissions are calculated endogenously using emission coefficients per fuel use or economic activity as well as abatement technologies per pollutant. Hence, several indicators relevant to air pollution and health are quantified. Such indicators include emissions and concentration of air pollutants, health impacts, crop impacts, VOLY, DALY, health expenditure, labour productivity loss.