Energy - IMAGE

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Model Documentation - IMAGE
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Netherlands, http://www.pbl.nl/en., Utrecht University (UU), Netherlands, https://www.uu.nl/en.
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method Simulation
Anticipation Simulation modelling framework, without foresight. However, a simplified version of the energy/climate part of the model (called FAIR) can be run prior to running the framework to obtain data for climate policy simulations.

The IMage Energy Regional model, also referred to as TIMER, has been developed to explore scenarios for the energy system in the broader context of the IMAGE global environmental assessment framework 12. TIMER describes 12 primary energy carriers in 26 world regions and is used to analyse long term trends in energy demand and supply in the context of the sustainable development challenges.The model simulates long-term trends in energy use, issues related to depletion, energy-related greenhouse gas and other air polluting emissions, together with land-use demand for energy crops. The focus is on dynamic relationships in the energy system, such as inertia and learning-by-doing in capital stocks, depletion of the resource base and trade between regions.

Similar to other IMAGE components, TIMER is a simulation model. The results obtained depend on a single set of deterministic algorithms, according to which the system state in any future year is derived entirely from previous system states. In this respect, TIMER differs from most macro-economic models, which let the system evolve on the basis of minimising cost or maximising utility under boundary conditions. As such, TIMER can be compared to energy simulation models, such as POLES 3 and GCAM 4.

Figure 1: TIMER, the energy demand and supply model in IMAGE 3.0

References

  1. ^  |  H J M de Vries, D P van Vuuren, M G J den Elzen, M A Janssen (2001). The targets image energy model regional (TIMER) -Technical documentation. (Publication No. RIVM report 461502024) . Bilthoven, the Netherlands: MNP Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
  2. ^  |  Van Vuuren, Detlef P (2007). Energy systems and climate policy-long-term scenarios for an uncertain future. Utrecht University.PHD thesis. 
  3. ^  |  P Criqui, A Kitous, M M Berk, M G J den Elzen, B Eickhout, P Lucas, D P van Vuuren, N Kouvaritakis, D Vanregemorter (2003). Greenhouse gas reduction pathways in the UNFCCC Process up to 2025 - Technical} {Report (Publication No. B4-3040/2001/325703/MAR/E.1 for the DG Environment) . Grenoble, France: CNRS-IEPE.
  4. ^  |  Allison M. Thomson, Katherine V. Calvin, Steven J. Smith, G. Page Kyle, April Volke, Pralit Patel, Sabrina Delgado-Arias, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Marshall A. Wise, Leon E. Clarke, James A. Edmonds (2011). RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100. Climatic Change, 109 (), 77-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0151-4