Liquid fuels - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

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Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Concept Hybrid model (energy engineering and land use partial equilibrium models soft-linked to macro-economic general equilibrium model)
Solution method Hybrid model (linear program optimization for the energy systems and land-use modules, non-linear program optimization for the macro-economic module)
Anticipation Myopic/Perfect Foresight (MESSAGE can be run both with perfect foresight and myopically, while GLOBIOM runs myopically)

Apart from oil refining as predominant supply technology for liquid fuels at present a number of alternative liquid fuel production routes from different feedstocks are represented in MESSAGE (see Table 1). Different processes for coal liquefaction, gas-to-liquids technologiesand biomass-to-liquids technologies both with and without CCS are covered. Some of these technologies include co-generation of electricity, for example, by burning unconverted syngas from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a gas turbine (c.f. Larson et al., 2012 1). Technology costs for the synthetic liquid fuel production options are based on Larson et al. (2012) (1).

Table 1: Liquid fuel production technologies in MESSAGE by energy source
Energy Source Technology Electricity cogeneration
Biomass Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids yes
Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids with CCS yes
Coal Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids yes
Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids with CCS yes
coal methanol-to-gasoline yes
coal methanol-to-gasoline with CCS yes
Gas Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids no
Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids with CCS no
Oil simple refinery no
complex refinery no


  1. a b  Eric D Larson, Zheng Li, Robert H Williams (2012). Chapter 12 - Fossil Energy. In Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future(pp. 901--992). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria: .