Liquid fuels - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM
|Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM|
|Institution||International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)|
|Concept||Hybrid model (energy engineering and land use partial equilibrium models soft-linked to macro-economic general equilibrium model)|
|Solution method||Hybrid model (linear program optimization for the energy systems and land-use modules, non-linear program optimization for the macro-economic module)|
|Anticipation||Myopic/Perfect Foresight (MESSAGE can be run both with perfect foresight and myopically, while GLOBIOM runs myopically)|
Apart from oil refining as predominant supply technology for liquid fuels at present a number of alternative liquid fuel production routes from different feedstocks are represented in MESSAGE (see Table 1). Different processes for coal liquefaction, gas-to-liquids technologiesand biomass-to-liquids technologies both with and without CCS are covered. Some of these technologies include co-generation of electricity, for example, by burning unconverted syngas from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a gas turbine (c.f. Larson et al., 2012 1). Technology costs for the synthetic liquid fuel production options are based on Larson et al. (2012) (1).
|Energy Source||Technology||Electricity cogeneration|
|Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids with CCS||yes|
|Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids with CCS||yes|
|coal methanol-to-gasoline with CCS||yes|
|Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids with CCS||no|
- Eric D Larson, Zheng Li, Robert H Williams (2012). Chapter 12 - Fossil Energy. In Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future(pp. 901--992). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria: .