Liquid fuels - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

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Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM, To pdf - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM
    Corresponding documentation
    Model information
    Institution International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria,
    Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)
    Solution method Optimization

    Apart from oil refining as predominant supply technology for liquid fuels at present a number of alternative liquid fuel production routes from different feedstocks are represented in MESSAGE (see Table 1). Different processes for coal liquefaction, gas-to-liquids technologiesand biomass-to-liquids technologies both with and without CCS are covered. Some of these technologies include co-generation of electricity, for example, by burning unconverted syngas from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a gas turbine (c.f. Larson et al., 2012 1). Technology costs for the synthetic liquid fuel production options are based on Larson et al. (2012) (1).

    Table 1: Liquid fuel production technologies in MESSAGE by energy source
    Energy Source Technology Electricity cogeneration
    Biomass Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids yes
    Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids with CCS yes
    Coal Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids yes
    Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids with CCS yes
    coal methanol-to-gasoline yes
    coal methanol-to-gasoline with CCS yes
    Gas Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids no
    Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids with CCS no
    Oil simple refinery no
    complex refinery no


    1. a b  Eric D Larson, Zheng Li, Robert H Williams (2012). Chapter 12 - Fossil Energy. In Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future(pp. 901--992). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria: .