Liquid fuels - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

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Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM, To pdf - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM
    Corresponding documentation
    Model information
    Institution International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria, http://data.ene.iiasa.ac.at/message-globiom/.
    Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)
    Solution method Optimization
    Anticipation

    Apart from oil refining as predominant supply technology for liquid fuels at present a number of alternative liquid fuel production routes from different feedstocks are represented in MESSAGE (see Table 1). Different processes for coal liquefaction, gas-to-liquids technologiesand biomass-to-liquids technologies both with and without CCS are covered. Some of these technologies include co-generation of electricity, for example, by burning unconverted syngas from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a gas turbine (c.f. Larson et al., 2012 1). Technology costs for the synthetic liquid fuel production options are based on Larson et al. (2012) (1).

    Table 1: Liquid fuel production technologies in MESSAGE by energy source
    Energy Source Technology Electricity cogeneration
    Biomass Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids yes
    Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids with CCS yes
    Coal Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids yes
    Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids with CCS yes
    coal methanol-to-gasoline yes
    coal methanol-to-gasoline with CCS yes
    Gas Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids no
    Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids with CCS no
    Oil simple refinery no
    complex refinery no

    References

    1. a b  Eric D Larson, Zheng Li, Robert H Williams (2012). Chapter 12 - Fossil Energy. In Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future(pp. 901--992). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria: .