Liquid fuels - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

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Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

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Model information
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Institution International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria,
Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)
Solution method Optimization

Apart from oil refining as predominant supply technology for liquid fuels at present a number of alternative liquid fuel production routes from different feedstocks are represented in MESSAGE (see Table 1). Different processes for coal liquefaction, gas-to-liquids technologiesand biomass-to-liquids technologies both with and without CCS are covered. Some of these technologies include co-generation of electricity, for example, by burning unconverted syngas from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in a gas turbine (c.f. Larson et al., 2012 1). Technology costs for the synthetic liquid fuel production options are based on Larson et al. (2012) (1).

Table 1: Liquid fuel production technologies in MESSAGE by energy source
Energy Source Technology Electricity cogeneration
Biomass Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids yes
Fischer-Tropsch biomass-to-liquids with CCS yes
Coal Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids yes
Fischer-Tropsch coal-to-liquids with CCS yes
coal methanol-to-gasoline yes
coal methanol-to-gasoline with CCS yes
Gas Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids no
Fischer-Tropsch gas-to-liquids with CCS no
Oil simple refinery no
complex refinery no


  1. a b  |  Eric D Larson, Zheng Li, Robert H Williams (2012). Chapter 12 - Fossil Energy. In Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future(pp. 901--992). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria: .