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Model Documentation - MESSAGE-GLOBIOM

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria, http://data.ene.iiasa.ac.at.
Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)
Solution method Optimization

A number centralized district heating technologies based on fossil and renewable energy sources are represented in MESSAGE (see <xr id="tab:MESSAGE-GLOBIOM_heat"/>). Similar to coupled heat and power (CHP) technologies that are described in the Electricity section of MESSAGE-GLOBIOM, these heating plants feed low temperature heat into the district heating system that is then used in the end-use sectors. In addition, there are (decentralized) heat generation options in Industrial sector of MESSAGE-GLOBIOM and Residential and commercial sectors of MESSAGE-GLOBIOM.

<figtable id="tab:MESSAGE-GLOBIOM_heat">

List of centralized heat generation technologies represented in MESSAGE by energy source
Energy Source Technology
coal coal district heating plant
oil light fuel oil district heating plant
gas gas district heating plant
biomass solid biomass district heating plant
geothermal geothermal district heating plant