Policy - IFs
|Institution||Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures, University of Denver (Pardee Center), Colorado, USA, https://pardee.du.edu/.|
|Solution method||Dynamic recursive with annual time steps through 2100.|
All model parameters and initial conditions are accessible via the interlace and therefore changeable by users. Example areas where policy interventions can be introduced into the model are
- Demographics: fertility, mortality (in more detail via the health model), and migration—all of which affect population growth and level.
- Economics: on the production side are investment, labor force participation, and productivity (via assumptions about systemic advance, convergence rate, and a wide range of specific endogenous drivers); interventions are also possible on savings levels and consumption patterns and on patterns of trade.
- Education: enrollment, continuation, and completion/transition rates; spending levels.
- Health: mortality and morbidity rates across 15 different causes.
- government revenue and expenditure patterns from multiple sources and to multiple targets; corruption and democracy levels; status of women; value change.
- Geopolitics: Country and regional power levels.
- Food and Agriculture: Land use and yield/production levels; trade patterns—all of which affect calorie availability and malnutrition rates.
- Energy: Resource and production level by energy type including renewable energy share, demand level and patterns.
- Infrastructure: investment and access extension by type (road, water, sanitation, electricity, ICT).
- Environment: atmospheric carbon dioxide levels via interventions in models noted above (e.g. land use, carbon intensity of energy); water demand by final use and water supply by source.
Prepackaged scenario intervention files also allow integrated analysis of scenario sets including the UNEP GEO-4 set and the Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP) set.