References - WITCH

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Model Documentation - WITCH

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution European Institute on Economics and the Environment (RFF-CMCC EIEE), Italy,
Solution concept General equilibrium (closed economy)
Solution method Optimization

Anderson, D. (2006). Costs and finance of carbon abatement in the energy sector, Paper for the Stern Review.

Barreto, L. and S. Kypreos (2004). Endogenizing R&D and market experience in the "bottom-up" energy-systems ERIS model, Technovation 2, 615-629.

Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, M. Galeotti, E. Massetti and M. Tavoni (2006). WITCH: A World Induced Technical Change Hybrid Model, The Energy Journal. Special
Issue on Hybrid Modeling of Energy-Environment Policies: Reconciling Bottom-up and Top-down: 13-38.

Bosetti, V., C. Carraro, E. Massetti and M. Tavoni (2008). International energy R&D spillovers and the economics of greenhouse gas atmospheric stabilization,Energy Economics, 30 (6) Pages 2912-2929.

Criqui, P., G. Klassen and L. Schrattenholzer (2000). The efficiency of energy R&D expenditures. Economic modeling of environmental policy and endogenous technical change, Amsterdam, November 16-17, 2000.

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EIA (2008). Annual Energy Outlook. Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC.

EIA (2008b). International Energy Outlook. Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC. ENERDATA (2008). Energy Statistics.

EPA Report 430-R-06-003, June 2006.

Farrell A.E. and Brandt, A.R.(2006). Risks of the oil transition, Environmental Research Letters, 1 (1).

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Herrero, Mario, Petr Havlik, J McIntire, Amanda Palazzo, and Hugo Valin. 2014. “African Livestock Futures: Realizing the Potential of Livestock for Food Security, Poverty Reduction and the Environment in Sub-Saharan Africa.”

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IEA (2005). Resources to Reserves ? Oil & Gas Technologies for the Energy Markets of the Future. OECD/IEA, Paris.

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IPCC, (2007b): Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA., XXX pp.

Jamasab, T. (2007). Technical change theory and learning curves: patterns of progress in electric generation technologies, The Energy Journal 28 (3).

Junginger, M., A. Faaij and W. C. Turkenburg (2005). Global experience curves for wind farms, Energy Policy 33: 133-150.

Kahouli-Brahmi, S. (2008). Technological learning in energy-environment-economy modelling: a survey, Energy Policy 36 : 138-162.

Klassen, G., A. Miketa, K. Larsen and T. Sundqvist (2005). The impact of R&D on innovation for wind energy in Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom, Ecological Economics 54 (2-3): 227-240.

Kouvaritakis, N., A. Soria and S. Isoard (2000). Endogenous Learning in World Post-Kyoto Scenarios: Application of the POLES Model under Adaptive Expectations, International Journal of Global Energy Issues 14 (1-4): 228-248.

Kypreos, S. (2007). A MERGE model with endogenous technical change and the cost of carbon stabilisation, Energy Policy 35 : 5327-5336.

McDonald, A. and L. Schrattenholzer (2001). Learning rates for energy technologies, Energy Policy 29 (4): 255-261.

Meinshausen, M., S. C. B. Raper, and T. M. L. Wigley. 2011. “Emulating Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean and Carbon Cycle Models with a Simpler Model, Magicc6: Part I – Model Description and Calibration.” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11: 1417–56.

Nemet, G. F. (2006). Beyond the learning curve: factors influencing cost reductions in photovoltaics, Energy Policy 34 (17): 3218-3232.

Nemet, G. F. and D. M. Kammen (2007). U.S. energy research and development: declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion, Energy Policy 35 (1): 746-755.

Nordhaus, William D., and Zili Yang. 1996. “A Regional Dynamic General-Equilibrium Model of Alternative Climate-Change Strategies.” The American Economic Review 86 (4): 741–65.

Nordhaus, William, and Paul Sztorc. 2013. User’s Manual for Dice-2013R.

Schock, R. N., W. Fulkerson, M. L. Brown, R. L. San Martin, D. L. Greene and J. Edmonds (1999). How much is energy research & development worth as insurance? Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 24 : 487-512.

Söderholm, P. and G. Klassen (2007). Wind power in Europe: a simultaneous innovation-diffusion model, Environmental and Resource Economics 36 (2): 163-190.

Tavoni, M., B. Sohngen and V. Bosetti (2007), Forestry and the carbon market response to stabilise climate, Energy Policy, 35 : 5346--5353.

UN (2004), World Population to 2300, Report No. ST/ESA/SER.A/236, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, New York