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As a global energy-economy-environment model, PROMETHEUS has extensive requirements for data. A wide variety of databases and other sources have been used to provide the required energy, technology and economic data. PROMETHEUS uses energy system and power generation data from international widely-used databases (mainly from the IEA and ENERDATA databases); in particular, data for final energy demand by sector and fuel, primary production by energy form, input and output from energy transformation processes, electricity demand, power generation mix and energy imports and exports. Detailed data for power plant stations are also collected from the Enerdata Power Plant Tracker or from the Platts World Electric Power Plants database

Energy prices by fuel and type of consumer are collected from ENERDATA and IEA databases (final consumer prices, import prices, spot prices). Data for global and EU import fuel prices are gathered from a variety of sources, including DG ENER, IMF and Platts database. CO2 emissions data are collected from the IEA, CDIAC and the WorldBank databases. Hydrocarbon reserves and resources are collected from USGS and BGR databases, while an extensive literature review has been conducted for unconventional hydrocarbon resources and technology learning rates.

Population data and projections are based on UN Population Prospects. Data for economic drivers are derived from the GTAP and World Bank databases.\ Macro-economic projections are usually based on GEM-E3 projections or on IEA WEO estimates combined with IMF projections for the short term. A wide literature review has been conducted to estimate costs for all energy system technologies, which are mainly based on costs derived from the PRIMES database and the TECHPOL database (developed in the context of the FP7 EU-funded ADVANCE project). The PROMETHEUS modelling framework ensures consistency between all data sources used, as data collection and reconciliation constitute important procedures in the overall modelling.  

Variable: Data Source

  • Population: UN Population Prospects
  • GDP and value added: World Bank database, IMF, IEA, EC Ageing Report
  • Hydrocarbon reserves and resources: USGS, BGR
  • Biomass potentials : Moreira
  • Wind and solar resources: NREL
  • Energy reserves and production: Enerdata, IEA
  • Energy demand by sector and fuel: Enerdata, IEA
  • Energy transformation processes: Enerdata
  • Power generation by technology:Enerdata
  • Power generation capacities: Enerdata
  • Global and consumer energy prices: Enerdata, IEA
  • CO2 emissions: Enerdata, IEA, EDGAR
  • Technology costs: WEC, IEA, EC
  • Car stock: OICA
  • Import dependence: Enerdata
  • Policy Assessment indicators: Enerdata, IEA
Alert-warning.png Note: The documentation of PROMETHEUS is 'under review' and is not yet 'published'!

Model Documentation - PROMETHEUS

Corresponding documentation
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Model information
Model link
Institution E3Modelling (E3M), Greece,
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method Simulation
Anticipation Energy system simulation.Foresight is included only is some sub-modules (i.e. electricity generation)