Gaseous fuels - POLES

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Model Documentation - POLES

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC), Belgium,
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method SimulationRecursive simulation
Anticipation Myopic


Natural gas domestic production and imports directly supply gas for consumption. Additional gas production can come from:

  • Urban waste methane recovery:
  • Underground coal methane recovery
  • Gas production fugitive emissions recovery
  • Coke oven gas is captured in the final energy demand of the iron and steel sector

All three are determined by the effect of carbon pricing on the relevant emissions source.


The model uses a complete module to represent hydrogen production (14), transport and use in various sectors: transport (fuel cells or thermal use), but also in stationary uses in industry and buildings (fuel cells or blending with natural gas). Water electrolysis from grid is coupled with the electricity load curve (hydrogen is produced preferentially during base load).

<figure id="fig:POLES_8">

The hydrogen module in POLES


Hydrogen in the energy system in particular has been the subject of studies with the modelEC 2006.