Solid fuels - POLES

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Model Documentation - POLES

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC), Belgium,
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method SimulationRecursive simulation
Anticipation Myopic


Coal primary supply (imported or domestically produced) is directly fed to consumption.

Sectors consume steam/thermal coal or coking coal (iron and steel sector). The coking coal transformation is captured in final energy demand.


Biomass primary supply (imported or domestically produced; in energy units) is directly fed to consumption.

Solid biomass can be used to produce liquid biofuels or electricity in energy transformation; or in direct combustion in final demand.