Non-climate sustainability dimension - POLES

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Model Documentation - POLES

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC), Belgium,
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method SimulationRecursive simulation
Anticipation Myopic


Demand for tons of steel is represented in order to inform the iron and steel industry sector. This provides a better activity indicator instead of value added and allows for the study of changes in the geographical allocation of steel-making due to energy price changes and carbon leakage. See Industrial sector - POLES.


In certain versions of the POLES model, water use associated to the production of electricity is modelled. A water use is associated per technology and provides projections of water needs based on installed capacities per technology.

Additionally, the model has been used for studying the side-effects of the energy system and associated emissions in terms of air pollution1 and health2.


  1. ^  |  Peter Rafaj, Wolfgang Schöpp, Peter Russ, Chris Heyes, Markus Amann (2012). Co-benefits of post-2012 global climate mitigation policies. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 18 (), 801-824.
  2. ^  |  Anil Markandya, Ben G Armstrong, Simon Hales, Aline Chiabai, Patrick Criqui, Silvana Mima, Cathryn Tonne, Paul Wilkinson (2009). Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: low-carbon electricity generation. The Lancet, 374 (), 2006-2015.