Non-climate sustainability dimension - POLES

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Model Documentation - POLES
Corresponding documentation
Model information
Institution JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC)
Concept Partial equilibrium
Solution method Recursive simulation
Anticipation Myopic


Demand for tons of steel is represented in order to inform the iron and steel industry sector. This provides a better activity indicator instead of value added and allows for the study of changes in the geographical allocation of steel-making due to energy price changes and carbon leakage. See Industrial sector - POLES.


In certain versions of the POLES model, water use associated to the production of electricity is modelled. A water use is associated per technology and provides projections of water needs based on installed capacities per technology.

Additionally, the model has been used for studying the side-effects of the energy system and associated emissions in terms of air pollution1 and health2.


  1. ^  Peter Rafaj, Wolfgang Schöpp, Peter Russ, Chris Heyes, Markus Amann (2012). Co-benefits of post-2012 global climate mitigation policies. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 18 (), 801-824.
  2. ^  Anil Markandya, Ben G Armstrong, Simon Hales, Aline Chiabai, Patrick Criqui, Silvana Mima, Cathryn Tonne, Paul Wilkinson (2009). Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: low-carbon electricity generation. The Lancet, 374 (), 2006-2015.