Grid, pipelines and other infrastructure - POLES

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Model Documentation - POLES

Corresponding documentation
Previous versions
Model information
Model link
Institution JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC), Belgium, http://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/poles.
Solution concept Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)
Solution method SimulationRecursive simulation
Anticipation Myopic

Own use of the energy sector

Fossil fuel extraction

POLES describes explicitely the direct energy use, and the corresponding emissions, of the following fuels: - tar sands - extra heavy oil - oil shale

All other energy use related to fossil fuel extraction is captured in one single factor, expressed by fuel as a % of the energy production and kepy constant over time at the last historical value.

Refineries

The energy use in the refining sector is captured through a coefficient, expressed as a % of the demand for oil product, kept constant over time at the last historical vakue

Others

Other own-energy uses are captured through a coefficient, expressed by fuel as a % of primary energy demand, kept constant over time at the last historical value.


Losses in Transport & Distribution

Grids and pipelines are not modelled explicitly. Pipelines are captured through transport costs as compared to other trade routes.

Losses in T&D are expressed by fuel as a % of final energy use, and by default kept constant at the last historical value.

They can be adjusted depending on the scenario (for instance to capture a decrease in electricity losses, ..).