Heat - POLES
|Model link||http://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/poles; https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/poles-jrc-model-documentation-0|
|Institution||JRC - Joint Research Centre - European Commission (EC-JRC), Belgium, http://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/.|
|Solution concept||Partial equilibrium (price elastic demand)|
|Solution method||SimulationRecursive simulation|
Steam can be produced by heat and power cogeneration (CHP) plants and steam-only plants, the inputs of which are accounted for within the "own use" of the energy sector. The production of steam is not simulated explicitly. The model checks that the evolution of steam demand is consistent with the evolution of the "own use" of the energy sector and with the availability of CHP compatible power plants.
Other heat-related demand is satisfied by boilers and heaters using other energy vectors (oil, gas, coal, biomass, electricity, solar heat).